Did you know that according to the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics of Peru, the female population in Peru sum, 50.30% of the total population. Also, the 2007 census indicated that adolescent girls, do not attend school by 60% to do housework due to economic problems at home[1].

According to these data, we can observe the significant presence of women in the country and yet, the low priority given to this genre in the society. In this essay we will first analyze the main problem that women face in Peru, in second place, the main problem that women face in the world, and finally, discuss the importance of studying this issue today.

In Peru, women face various barriers that restrict the exercise of their rights, such as limited access to education, work, health, justice, political participation and violence in its various forms, constitute an obstacle to its development on an equal footing. However, nowadays, cases of femicide are becoming more common in the region and unfortunately are becoming the main problem facing the state and society. According to the Ombudsman “femicide is a category that needs to be addressed as the most extreme and irreparable direct violence toward women. It is a social, economic, political, cultural and state issue[2]”. Therefore, we have to understand that these crimes reflect a social climate of discrimination and violence against women, which is held in a society that still tolerates abusive language towards everything feminine and a culture where historically social practices that undermine the freedom, health, integrity and ultimately against the life of women. This crime, has no actors, nor is there a unique profile of victims and consequently, any woman can be abused up to cause death. Peru is not the only country facing this kind of problem as discrimination against women is a problem that involves the world. Now we will analyze this problem worldwide.

The United Nations has identified that discriminatory laws against women persist in all over the world and several countries continue introducing new laws of this type. In all legal traditions there are many laws that continue to institutionalize second-class status for women and girls with regard to nationality and citizenship, health, education, marital rights, labor rights, parental rights and rights to property and inheritance. Therefore, these forms of discrimination undermine the empowerment of women. It is also important to note that gender discrimination is the underlying cause of violence against women, is hence a violation of the most pervasive human rights and impunity that exists in the world.

Based on the foregoing, it is extremely important that we as the future generation study this problem, because we are young, the only ones who can be real agents of change to solve this global problem. But to achieve this goal is important that we are informed and trained in order to find effective resolution mechanisms that can be applied in our reality and create a network of change agents that can contribute to this objective, therefore, the program Women as Change Agent is the first step to begin to create change.

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[1] This information is based on the 2007 Census conducted by the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics of Peru (INEI).

[2] This definition is taken from the website of the Ombudsman.

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